Pengembangan mekanisme grid based clustering untuk peningkatan kinerja LEACH pada lingkungan Wireless Sensor Network

Kristoforus Fallo
Waskitho Wibisono
Kun Nursyaful Priyo Pamungkas

Abstract


Development of a grid-based clustering mechanism to improve LEACH performance in the Wireless Sensor Network environment



Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) merupakan algoritma routing pada Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) berbasis cluster. LEACH memilih sebuah node sebagai cluster head (CH) yang tugasnya untuk melakukan komunikasi dengan sink maupun guna mengumpulkan data dari member node. Persebaran CH pada LEACH yang dikatakan acak, kadang mengalami masalah mengingat rumus probabilitas pada tiap round. Hal ini akan menyebabkan CH yang terpilih bisa berada di tepi area, juga terjadinya pemborosan energi karena jalur yang terbentuk akan menjadi panjang. Oleh karena itu, kami ingin mengembangkan routing protocol G-LEACH menggunakan teknik merge CH dalam suatu area (grid) disertai beberapa parameter yang relevan, seperti posisi node, node dengan sisa energi terbesar, dan jarak yang dihitung dalam tiga jarak yaitu jarak node menuju cluster center, jarak node menuju merge CH, dan jarak merge CH menuju sink. Hasil pengujian menunjukan bahwa dengan menggabungkan cluster (merge CH) pada transmisi data menuju sink pada protokol G-LEACH dapat menghasilkan masa hidup jaringan yang lebih lama pada seluruh operasi node, energi yang dibutuhkan pada semua node lebih rendah, dan lebih banyak paket data yang dikirim dan diterima oleh sink.

 

Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) is a routing algorithm in a cluster-based Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). LEACH selects a node as a cluster head (CH) whose responsibility is for communicating with sinks and collect data from the node members. The distribution of CH on LEACH, which is basically random, sometimes has a problem in remembering the probability formula on each round. This may make the selected CH on the edge of the area as well as generate energy waste because the pathway formed will be lengthy. Therefore, we would like to develop the G-LEACH routing protocol using a merge CH technique in one area (grid) with several relevant parameters, such as the position of the node, the node with the largest remaining energy, and the distance calculated in three distances: the distance of the node to the clustercenter, the distance of the node to the merge CH, and the distance of the merge CH to the sink. The test result showed that combining clusters (merge CH) in the data transmission to the sink in the G-LEACH protocol could produce a longer network life on all node operations, lower energy required for all nodes, and more data package sent and received by the sink.


Keywords


clustering; energi; energy; grid-based; LEACH; merge Cluster Head; sensor node; Wireless Sensor Network

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abushiba, W., Johnson, P., Alharthi, S., & Wright, C. (2017). An energy efficient and adaptive clustering for wireless sensor network (CH-leach) using leach protocol. 13th International Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO). Cairo, Egypt : IEEE.

Adhisa, R. R., & Wibisono, W. (2018). Energy Aware Multiple Cluster Head Selection and Stray Nodes Handling for LEACH Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network Environments. 2018 International Conference on Information Technology Systems and Innovation (ICITSI). Padang: IEEE.

Amirthalingam, K., & Anuratha, A. (2016). Improved LEACH: A modified LEACH for Wireless Sensor Network. International Conference on Advances in Computer Applications (ICACA). Coimbatore, India: IEEE .

Astuti, L. D., & Wibisono, W. (2017). Peningkatan Networklifetimepada Wireless Sensor Network Menggunakan Clustered Shortest Geopath Routing (C-SGP) Protocol. Jurnal Teknologi Informasi dan Ilmu Komputer (JTIIK), 4(3), 148-15.

Gupta, S., & Marriwala, N. (2017). Improved distance energy based LEACH protocol for cluster head election in wireless sensor networks. 4th International Conference on Signal Processing, Computing and Control (ISPCC). Solan, India: IEEE.

Hani, R. M., & Ijjeh, A. A. (2013). A Survey on LEACH-Based Energy Aware Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks. Journal of Communications, 8(3), 192-206.

Heinzelman, W., Chandrakasan, A., & Balakrishnan, H. (2000). Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Maui, HI, USA, USA: IEEE.

Kaur, J., Gaba, G. S., Miglani, R., & Pasricha, R. (2015). Energy Efficient and Reliable WSN based on Improved Leach-R Clustering Techniques. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 8(16).

Li, W., & Shen, W. (2011). Swarm behavior control of mobile multi-robots with wireless sensor networks. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 34(4), 1398-1407.

Li, Y., Ding, L., & Liu, F. (2011). The improvement of LEACH protocol in WSN. International Conference on Computer Science and Network Technology. Harbin, China: IEEE.

Mahajan, M., Reddy, K., & Rajput, M. (2016). Design and Simulation of a Blacklisting Technique for Detection of Hello flood Attack on LEACH Protocol. 7th International Conference on Communication, Computing and Virtualization 2016 (pp. 675-682). Mumbai, India: Elsevier.

Manzoor, B., Javaid, N., Rehman, O., Akbar, M., Nadeem, Q., Iqbal, A., & Ishfaq, M. (2013). Q-LEACH: A New Routing Protocol for WSNs. International Workshop on Body Area Sensor Networks (BASNet-2013) (pp. 926-931). Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada: Elsevier.

Palan, N. G., Barbadekar, B. V., & Patil, S. (2017). Low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) protocol: A retrospective analysis. 2017 International Conference on Inventive Systems and Control (ICISC). Coimbatore, India: IEEE.

Rasyid, M. U., Lee, B.-H., Syarif, I., & Arkham, M. M. (2018). LEACH Partition Topology for Wireless Sensor Network. International Conference on Consumer Electronics-Taiwan (ICCE-TW). Taichung, Taiwan: IEEE.

Sharma, R., Mishra, N., & Srivastava, S. (2015). A proposed Energy Efficient Distance Based Cluster Head (DBCH) Algorithm: An Improvement over LEACH. Procedia Computer Science, 57 , 807-814.

Sivakumara, P., & Radhika, M. (2018). Performance Analysis of LEACH-GA over LEACH and LEACH-C in WSN. 6th International Conference on Smart Computing and Communications, ICSCC 2017. 125, pp. 248–256. Kurukshetra, India: Elsevier.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26594/register.v5i2.1708

Article metrics

Abstract views : 0 | views : 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Indexed in:

                                   


 

Creative Commons License
Register: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Sistem Informasi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.